Workwear Glossary of Terms
1x1 Rib Also 2x2 rib knit trim. The width of each rib is the same as the width between each rib. This helps the garment retain its elasticity.
2-Way Zipper A zip that can be pulled in either direction.
Anti-Pill A treatment applied to garments primarily to resist the formation of little balls on the fabric's surface due to abrasion during
Argyle Typically a diamond pattern woven into a garment.
Baby Pique Very small pique knit. See Pique Knit.
Back Pleats Small folds in the material on the back of a garment offering more room and comfort.
Back Yoke A piece of fabric that connects the back of a garment to the shoulders allowing the garment to lay flat.
Baselayer The first layer of clothing for body's defence against cold, heat, moisture, etc. It is designed to remain dry by either wicking, repelling, or allowing moisture to pass through to another absorbent layer.
Basket Weave Knit Process of weaving threads back and forth resulting in a two-tone appearance.
Blouson Cut A garment gathered by elastic or a string and
producing a fullness of fabric that falls over the gathering
Box Pleat A single, uniform fold in the centre back of a garment to allow for more room and comfort.
Breathable Body heat and perspiration can escape through the lightweight material, while water and the elements are prevented from coming in.
Brushed Cotton Cotton fabric that is brushed to remove all the excess lint and fibres from the fabric, leaving an ultra soft, smooth finish.
Button-Through Sleeve Placket A small placket located on the cuff, containing a single button closure.
Chambray A dressier fabric woven with white threads across coloured threads.
Combed Cotton Cotton thread that has been combed to remove short fibres and straighten longer fibres creating a smooth yarn used in finer garments.
Coolplus® Offers moisture management, breathability, comfort
and quick drying properties.
Coverseamed A finish in which two needles are used to create
parallel rows of visible stitching.It is used around the neck, armholes, waistband,
and wrists of garments to create a cleaner, more durable finish.
Dobby A decorative weave, usually geometric, that is woven
into the fabric.
Double-Needle Stitched A finish used on a sleeve or hem
that uses two needles to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It gives the
garment a cleaner, more finished look and adds durability.
Drop Needle A knit fabric characterised by vertical lines
within the cloth. Manufactured by ?dropping? a needle from the knitting cylinder.
Drop Tail A design feature where the back of the garment
is longer than the front.
Dyed-To-Match Buttons or trims the same colour as the garment.
Easycare Durable fabric requiring minimal ironing and straight
Easyiron Garment has properties which limits creasing.
EN471 Necessary classifications for high visibility garments.
End-on-End A 2-ply weave of different colour threads that
run parallel so that both colours are visible.
Enzyme Washed A laundering process in which a catalytic
substance is added to create a chemical change in the fabric resulting in a very
soft finish, smoother appearing surface and reduced shrinkage.
Etched Tone Buttons A more upscale horn tone button with
an etched pattern.
Eyelets Small holes or perforations made in a series to
allow for breathability. Finished with either stitching or brass grommets.
Fine Knit Gauge Lightweight knitted material often found
in Summer garments.
Flat Knit Collar Collar is knit on a machine that produces
a fine, smooth surface
Full Cut A garment with a generous fit.
Garment Washed A wash process where softeners are added
to finished garments to help the cotton fibres relax, resulting in a thicker appearance,
reduced shrinkage and softer feel to hand.
Garment Dyed A dyeing process that occurs after the garment
Herringbone A decorative pattern of rows of slanted parallel
lines alternating to give a quality textured look.
Horn Tone Buttons Buttons with a mock ivory style.
Houndstooth A broken check effect that is knit into the
Hydrafort Hydrafort fabric is both waterproof and windproof,
providing reliable protection from the elements in the outdoors. Hydrafort fabric
is independently tested to ensure it exceeds BS3424 for waterproofness.
Interlock Knit A fabric that has two plys knit simultaneously
to form one thicker and heavier ply. It has more natural stretch than a jersey knit,
a soft hand, and the same appearance and feel on both sides.
IQ Fabric wicks moisture away from the skin to keep it
cool during even during the most intense exercise. The garments are designed around
a ?moisture management system?, which circulates air around the body to keep it
Isolite 5000 Waterproof and breathable lightweight fabric
system offering outstanding comfort and performance on a range of lightweight, packable
Isotex Waterproof, Windproof, Breathable fabric
Jacquard Knit A pattern knit directly into the fabric during
the manufacturing process. Typically, 2 or more colours are used.
Jersey Knit This fabric has a smooth outer and a textured
Klopman Specifically designed to offer exceptional all-round
performance including outstanding durability, enhanced comfort and a smart appearance.
Locker Loop A looped piece of fabric in the neck of a garment
for hanging on a hook. Can also be located at the centre of the back yoke on the
inside or outside of a garment.
Locker Patch A panel sewn into the inside back of a garment,
just under the collar seam, to reinforce the garment and minimise stretching when
hung on a hook.
Low Profile A cap style with a low slope that is more closely
fitted to the head. Can be either structured or unstructured.
Mandarin Collar Small collar standing on a high, close
neckline; the collar doesn't meet in front. Often known as a cadet collar.
Melange A mix of different colours of thread knit together
to create a heathered effect.
Mercerized A product that has gone through a process to
produce a smooth feel.
Mesh Similar to a pique knit, but with a more open texture
for increased breathability.
Micro Fleece A high density, anti-pilling fleece made of
knit micro-fibres that are brushed less than a regular fleece garment. It has a
high capacity for warmth without the weight.
Microfibre This fabric is tightly woven from a very fine
poly thread and has a sueded finish for a luxurious, soft feel. Microfibre fabric
is naturally water repellent due to its construction process and when specially
treated, can also be waterproof.
Micro-Stripe An ultra-fine stripe knit into the fabric.
Overdyed A process in which thread dyed fabrics or piece
dyed garments are put through an additional dye colour to create unique colours.
Organic Produced ethically to certified standards.
Oxford Fabric made from either cotton or blended man-made
Patch Pocket A pocket attached to the outside of a garment.
Pearlised Buttons Buttons that have a pearl-coloured hue.
Pewter Buttons Buttons that have a dull, metallic hue.
Pigment Dyed A type of dye used to create a distressed
or washed look.
Pique Knit A knitting method that creates a fine textured
surface that appears like a waffle weave.
Placket The part of a shirt or jacket where the garment
Poly-Filled A warm polyester lining found in the body or
sleeves of outerwear garments. It has more loft than a regular nylon lining.
Poplin A tightly woven, durable, medium weight cotton or
cotton blend fabric made using a rib variation of the plain weave which creates
a slight ridge effect.
Pre-Shrunk This term refers to a manufacturing process
whereby the fabric is compressed before a garment is sewn from it. The fabric decompresses
during washing, compensating for any natural shrinkage.
PVC A polyurethane coating that is added to make garments
Raglan Sleeves Sleeves set with a diagonal seam from the
neck to the armpit.
Raw Edge Collar Unfinished hem on collar to give rough,
Reverse Placket See Placket, but reversed for women?s garments.
Rib Knit A textured knit that has the appearance of vertical
lines. It is highly elastic and retains your shape.
Ring Spun Thread Continuously twisting and thinning a rope
of cotton fibres. The twisting makes the short hairs of cotton stand out, resulting
in a stronger yarn with a significantly softer hand.
Ripstop This fabric has a high tear and abrasion resistance
and has a squared appearance, Commonly a lightweight nylon it can also be of canvas
Scotchlite Millions of glass beads affixed to the surface.
Each glass bead is covered with a metallic reflective layer on half of its surface
and this, combined with the spherical nature of the glass beads gives the materials
their reflective properties.
Self-Fabric Collar A collar that is constructed from the
same material as the body of the garment.
Shape Retention Fabric maintains your shape after wear.
Shoulder to Shoulder Taping Reinforced, or fashion taping
running the length of the shoulders.
Side Vents Slits found at the bottom of side seams allowing
for comfort and ease of movement.
Spotshield Formula that repels both oil and water based
spills by causing liquids to simply bead up and roll right off the shirt.
Stand-up collar rigid collar with ?stay-up? properties
Stonewashed A washing process in which the fabric or garment
is heavily washed with lava rocks or rubber/silicon balls. The result is a softer
fabric with a distressed or weathered look and reduced shrinkage.
Storm Flap A strip of fabric sewn under or over the front
zip or snap closure of an outerwear garment to protect against wind and moisture.
Sueded Cotton A fabric that goes through a brushing process
to raise the nap and give the garment a soft hand.
Symmetry Ideal for a wide range of outdoor and lifestyle
uses. It is both comfortable and practical to wear. Symmetry has an anti-pill finish,
quick drying and easy to care for with a super soft handle
Taffeta A fine plain weave fabric; smooth on both sides,
usually with a sheen on its surface.
Taped Seams A strip of fabric sewn to the seam of a garment
to prevent distortion and aid waterproofing.
Taslan Refers to how the fibres are woven and the resulting
texture. Used mainly in outerwear garments, Taslan is a durable and water repellent
nylon fabric with a slightly shiny surface.
Teflon® Stain resistant, water repellent finish applied
to textiles. This treatment gives the fabric a protective coating (without affecting
any of the fabric's inherent properties).
Tencel A fabric made from the cellulose found in wood pulp
which is processed into a silk-like, delicate fabric.
Terry Velour A type of material with uncut loops on both
sides. It has a soft, plush feel and is water absorbent.
Thermal Balance Plus The inherent structure of Thermal
Balance fleece makes it ideal for use as part of a layer system. Thermal Balance
Plus fleece provides outstanding warmth and comfort making it the ideal layering
garment for a range of outdoor uses.
Thermoguard Thermo-Guard insulation is made up of advanced
synthetic fibres, which trap air to help keep you warm in cold or snowy conditions.
Tubular Collar Collar in a tube form with no seams.
Twill A fabric characterised by micro diagonal ribs producing
a soft, smooth finish.
Underarm Grommets Small holes in the armpit area to allow
breathability and air circulation.
V Patch A section of material in a V shape that is sewn
onto a garment directly under the collarette. Can provide support against stretching
the neck opening and is also a style component.
Vents, Front & Back Allow for breathability and may aid
in ease of decoration or for fashion purposes.
Welt Collar and/or Cuffs A single ply fabric with a finished
edge that is used for collars and cuffs on sport shirts and short sleeve garments.
Wicking The physical action of drawing liquid moisture
(sweat) away from the body and moving it to another surface or layer.